What are we measuring?
This number represents the number persons per 100,000 residents who died from cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular illnesses include high blood pressure, rheumatic fever and heart diseases, hypertensive heart disease, obstructive heart disease (including heart attack), stroke, hardening of the arteries and aortic aneurysm and dissection. Rates are age-adjusted to allow populations with different age structures to be compared. The diseases included in this measure are those described in Chapter IX of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10).
Why are we measuring it?
Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death globally and in the U.S. About 610,000 people die of heart disease in the United States every year, accounting for 1 out of every 4 deaths. However, because risk factors are well-known, cardiovascular disease is usually preventable by maintaining a healthy lifestyle including eating a healthy diet, remaining physically active, maintaining a healthy weight, not smoking, and limiting the intake of alcohol.
How are we doing?
As of 2017, Fulton County had a lower rate of death from cardiovascular disease than all but four national benchmark counties. The rate has dropped from 285 deaths per 100,000 in 2006 to 211 deaths per 100,000 in 2017. This decline is part of a long-running national trend and is credited primarily to improvements in controlling high blood pressure and cholesterol, smoking cessation, and advances in treatment.